Measures to curb COVID-19 impact wildlife trafficking but organised criminal networks are still active and gearing up to increase operations, 新的报告说

2020年4月29日,荷兰海牙

bet356app首页 has released today an assessment on the impact that global measures to contain the spread of COVID-19 are having on wildlife trafficking dynamics. 这份报告, Rapid assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on wildlife trafficking, presents the organisation’s findings from the trade between January and April 2020 and shows that the trafficking continues despite restrictions, 尽管规模缩小了, and that high-level criminal networks are actively seeking workarounds from the current blockages to resume operations to previous levels.

Intelligence collected by the bet356app首页 highlights that border closures and travel restrictions are having a significant effect on wildlife trafficking operations, 特别是在亚洲, where traders are facing challenges to access Chinese markets and sell stock. Difficulties transporting ivory into China are resulting in the stockpiling of large quantities of raw ivory in Vietnam, 老挝和柬埔寨. 象牙走私的囤积趋势, caused by the ivory ban in China (1) and increased law enforcement pressure in China and elsewhere, was already identified in 2019 (2) and has been exacerbated since January.

bet356app首页 also believes that stockpiling of large quantities of pangolin scales is now occurring in Vietnam. 2020年前三个月, Vietnamese traders offered more than 22 tons of pangolin scales to bet356app首页 investigators. With the growing difficulties and reduced profitability in ivory trade, pangolin scales could be substituting ivory in the illegal market in China (3).

bet356app首页 has also observed changes in transportation methods of wildlife contraband. Security measures on air transport have impacted criminal dynamics, as traffickers are not guaranteed that the shipment or courier will arrive at their (air)port of choice. Sea and road transport remain as alternative options; products are still arriving or due to arrive via sea as some may have been sent pre-lockdown, 正如缉获所说明的(4). “Brokers have been found to be keeping abreast of travel restrictions and are closely following developments at the Chinese border,莎拉·斯托纳说, Director of Intelligence at the bet356app首页. China’s law enforcement agencies have reported several seizures of wildlife commodities transported by road from Vietnam (5).

A major concern we are still assessing is that poaching incidents may increase during the lockdown period, as criminal networks will try to take advantage of the closing of parks, 发现执法人员减少了, 目前正在应对新冠肺炎疫情. “We are in receipt of intelligence that known poaching organisers operating across Southern Africa are intending to take advantage of the current situation,斯通内尔说:“.

“It is clear that COVID-19 prevention measures have affected wildlife trafficking operations,斯通内尔说:“. “目前的平静可能只是暂时的, as brokers have already made clear that they intend on returning their operations to previous levels as soon as possible. The stockpiling of huge quantities of wildlife products in many of the key countries concerned presents investigative opportunities for law enforcement and there is an expectation that the movement of high-value wildlife commodities will resume, 即使是高强度的, 一旦限制解除.”

bet356app首页 operates globally to disrupt and help dismantle organised transnational criminal networks trading in wildlife, 木材和鱼. We do this by collecting evidence and turning it into accountability.

编辑笔记:

(1) China’s domestic ivory trade ban was brought into force on 1 January 2018.

(2)bet356app首页2019年, Snapshot Analysis: Ivory Smuggling 2015-2019, Concealment, Routes and Transportation Methods

(3)bet356app首页2019年, Scaling Up: The Rapid Growth in the Industrial Scale Trafficking of Pangolin Scales (2016-2019)

(4) http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2020/04/02/rm78mil-of-pangolin-scales-seized(5) Chinese law enforcement authorities have reported a range of wildlife seizures made during the first quarter of 2020. One case involved the seizure of 820 kg of pangolin scales and the arrest of nine alleged pangolin smugglers on 9 March 2020 in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Area and Anhui Province http://k.sina.cn/article_6539404397_m185c7646d02000n01w.html

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